How Many Jobs are Available in Aerospace: Aerospace is a term used to collectively refer to the atmosphere and outer space. Aerospace activity is very diverse, with various commercial, industrial, and military applications. Aerospace engineering consists of aeronautics and astronautics. Aerospace organizations research, design, manufacture, operate or maintain aircraft and spacecraft.
How Many Jobs are Available in Aerospace
Thinking of pursuing a degree in aerospace engineering? Aerospace engineering isn’t just a career for astronauts, even though that is one possible outcome. You will study subjects like propulsion, structure, thermodynamics, and avionics. Here are a handful of careers you can pursue after you graduate as an aerospace engineer.
Jobs are Available in Aerospace
Aerospace engineers can specialize in a specific type of aerospace product, such as missiles and rockets, military fighter jets, spacecraft, helicopters, or commercial aircraft. Or they may choose to specialize in specific areas, such as instrumentation and communication, navigation and control, structural design, guidance, or production methods.
They work mostly in analysis and design, manufacturing, industries that perform research and development, and the federal government.
Aerospace engineers may choose to specialize in areas such as aerodynamic fluid flow, structural design, guidance/navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, robotics, or propulsion and combustion.
They can specialize in designing different types of aerospace products, such as commercial and military airplanes and helicopters, remotely piloted aircraft and rotorcraft, spacecraft, including launch vehicles and satellites, and military missiles and rockets.
- Assess proposals and design requirements
- Determine if projects are technically and financially feasible
- Go over budgets, timescales, and specifications with clients
- Do theoretical and practical research
- Evaluate designs to confirm that products meet engineering principles
- Ensure designs meet customer requirements
- Direct, coordinate, produce and implement design, manufacture, and test procedures
- Measure and improve performance of aircraft, systems, and components
- Assist in assembling aircraft
- Test, evaluate, modify and re-test products
- Determine if proposed projects will result in safe aircraft and parts
- Ensure that projects meet quality standards
- Inspect malfunctioning or damaged products
- Identify sources of problems and possible solutions
- Provide technical advice
- Analyze and interpret data
- Work towards completion dates and deadlines
As an academic researcher you’ll apply your expertise and skills developed through study and research. You’ll aim to publish papers on your work in peer-reviewed, well-respected journals and will write reports, books or chapters of books on your specialist area of knowledge.
You’re also likely to be involved in the teaching and supervision of university students and speaking at conferences.
A significant amount of your time will be spent on planning research, attending meetings with colleagues and contributing to the strategic direction of your department or group.
- carry out original, high-level individual and collaborative research
- organise your own time and budget effectively, including for off-site and overseas visits
- analyse large sets of data and information, drawing relevant conclusions
- work to deadlines as required by fund or grant holder
- prepare and deliver presentations at national and international conferences to large audiences
- prepare and write high quality papers for submission to peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings
- participate in group meetings with other researchers and support staff
- apply for sources of external funding in addition to that provided by your employer
- undertake thorough and comprehensive literature reviews
- teach undergraduate and postgraduate students
- develop knowledge and skills relating to the latest techniques and applications relevant to your area of interest and deliver training in research techniques and methods to colleagues and students
As a mechanical engineer you’ll provide efficient solutions to the development of processes and products, ranging from small component designs to extremely large plants, machinery or vehicles. You’ll work on all stages of a product, from research and development to design and manufacture, through to installation and final commissioning.
Most industries rely on a form of mechanical systems, and mechanical engineering is thought to be one of the most diverse of all engineering disciplines. Due to this, there are employment opportunities across several sectors.
- develop and use new materials and technologies
- manage people, projects and resources – this will depend on your role
- develop, test and evaluate theoretical designs
- discuss and solve complex problems with manufacturing departments, sub-contractors, suppliers and customers
- make sure a product can be made reliably and will perform consistently in specified operating environments
- manage projects using engineering principles and techniques
- plan and design new production processes
- produce details of specifications and outline designs
- recommend modifications following prototype test results
- use research, analytical, conceptual and planning skills, particularly those in mathematical modelling and computer-aided design
- consider the implications of issues such as cost, safety and time constraints
- work with other professionals, within and outside the engineering sector
- monitor and commission plant and systems.
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Military Aerospace engineer
Even though the Military acquires aerospace equipment from commercial sources, it relies on its own cadre of engineers to fulfill aerospace missions. Aerospace engineers direct research, oversee equipment production, and supervise all phases related to the development and evaluation of aircraft and aircraft subsystems.
Aerospace engineers direct research programs and design military aircraft and aerospace equipment. They serve as aviation technical specialists in air warfare research projects and supervise aircraft design projects from development to evaluation of experimental equipment. They formulate policies and coordinate procurement programs for aircraft and aircraft subsystems, and serve as engineering and technical management liaisons across military branches, contracting organizations, and other government agencies.
As a maintenance engineer, you’ll be responsible for the continuous running of equipment and machinery in industrial settings. Using computerised systems, you’ll oversee routine maintenance and organise repairs. You’ll also be involved with control and monitoring devices and occasionally in the manufacture of items that will help in maintenance.
Your role is vital to the efficiency, development and progress of manufacturing and processing industries. Working with other professionals, you’ll improve production facilities, reduce the incidence of costly breakdowns and develop strategies to improve overall reliability and safety of plant, personnel and production processes.
- design maintenance strategies, procedures and methods
- carry out routine maintenance work and respond to equipment faults
- diagnose breakdown problems
- fit new parts and make sure equipment is working correctly
- carry out quality inspections on jobs
- liaise with client departments, customers and other engineering and production colleagues
- arrange specialist procurement of fixtures, fittings or components
- control maintenance tools, stores and equipment
- monitor and control maintenance costs
- deal with emergencies, unplanned problems and repairs
- improve health and safety policies and procedures
- work with specialist equipment, such as programmable logic controllers (PLC), which control machinery on factory assembly lines
- write maintenance strategies to help with installation and commissioning guidelines
- ensure there is continuous cover of the machinery and equipment in case of breakdowns.
Mission or Payload Specialist
These positions are as crew members on space missions, currently to the moon or to a space station. Mission specialists help with data collection, experimentation, and other work critical to a space mission. Payload specialists accompany a piece of equipment in order to properly install or use it in the mission. Both of these positions may be for a limited time, such as for one space mission only, and are usually filled by researchers or other experts in the field.
As a design engineer you’re involved in the initial concept, design, development and management of projects in a range of sectors such as construction and the built environment, materials, software, components, machinery and vehicles.
To succeed you’ll need strong technical knowledge, as well as problem solving, communication, leadership and project management skills.
Depending on their specialist area, design engineers may also be known as CAD engineers, consulting engineers and product design engineers.
- liaise with clients to identify their requirements
- investigate and undertake analysis on how to improve existing projects or components
- summarise scientific and engineering principles in an easy to understand manner
- write technical reports to summarise findings
- cover the concept, specification, tender and development of new projects or components
- design the aesthetics, materials and functionality of components
- use CAD, CAN and CAM systems to design and visualise projects
- undertake model making, prototyping and product testing
- identify new systems and processes to drive quality, efficiency and save costs
- undertake complex calculations
- communicate effectively with the clients, colleagues and contractors involved in a project
- lead a team of engineers
- plan effectively to ensure projects are delivered on time, to standard and to budget.
A CAD technician, also known as a draughtsperson, uses CAD software to create technical drawings and plans – also known as draughting – for products and parts used in the engineering, construction and manufacturing industries.
You’ll work with architects and design engineers to understand the requirements of their initial designs and turn them into accurate and detailed technical drawings in 2D and 3D models. These drawings are used at all stages of a project, from estimating cost and feasibility to creating the blueprints for manufacturing and instructions for installation.
- create high-quality detailed technical drawings and plans based on designs supplied by architects and designers and make modifications to existing drawings
- use a variety of CAD software programmes to create designs in 2D and 3D models
- liaise with architects, engineers and designers to understand their design requirements and provide technical advice to manufacturing and construction technicians
- provide accurate, detailed and to scale drawings
- ensure drawings are compliant with industry and health and safety standards and protocols
- calculate costs and apply knowledge of materials and engineering principles to check feasibility of manufacture and construction of the product
- conduct site visits and surveys when required
- present working drawings for use in all stages of the project, tender, manufacture/construction and installation
- produce installation and manufacturing documentation
- maintain accurate records.